Archive for the ‘Science Methodology’ Category

New Modeling Guidelines for Cosmology

Cosmology is built on fundamental assumptions, and is categorized for definition by different groupings. Standard cosmology and non-standard cosmology – are the first analytical criteria used in the grouping of cosmology modeling.

Generally non-standard models are considered to be all the crackpot ideas while the standard model is to be accepted, taught, and perpetuated by the academic community. However the standard model has known problems which are defined if you want to look them up, also observable abnormalities, and a few/many serious unbelievable and non-logical conclusions.

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There are two types of electromagnetic spectrum energy momentums – steady flow and explosive flow.

All energy diminishes from high to low – that is a simply fact of nature and is seen in countless examples. The energy from the sun decreases as it leaves the source and so does each star and each energy phenomenon occurring in the universe. Examples are everywhere even in the vacuum of space – which we were told enables energy to go on forever (but not supported by the observations or measurements.)

I already coined a word astromeinradiation for the recording of diminishing and remanent energies from a distance source. Now I am designing another word “dynascale” for the explosive flow.

From the Greek root words:
dyna = power
scal = ladder, stairs

Dynascale radiation is the electromagnetic spectrum fingerprint of a high energy explosive event. Read the rest of this entry »


When one discovers a new phenomenon and needs to create clarity there is a need to create a new word to describe it.

In astronomy or astrophysics a term is needed for when energy detection is diminished or lower by distance. When distances increase energy detection is decreased – that is a simple fact of nature – but so far not recognized in astronomy or astrophysics.  There is a need to create a new word to make it a recognizable phenomenon.

The word is created from three Greek root words:

1. astr = star.
2. mei = less
3. radi = beam, spoke Read the rest of this entry »


Phenomenalism from the Greek phainomenon (appearance) philosophically means any system of thought that has to with appearances.   “The difficulties present in the dualism of phenomenon and object have led a number of philosophers to the position of phenomenalism.” [Dictionary of Philosophy and Religion Eastern and Western Thought, W.L. Reese, Humanities Press]

If the descriptions and conclusions for an observation are altered in any way by conditions of perception due to phenomenalism, discombobulating science is created.  To discombobulate is to become confused or stymied.  Phenomenalism is a problem in astrophysics that leads to science going down the wrong path that causes confusion and stifles the true nature found in cosmology.

Phenomenalism is hardly recognized in scientific methodology for understanding the universe and I propose we develop and build a new branch of scientific methodology specifically called Astrophysics Phenomenalism to explore, identify and recognize the causes and effects that produce phenomenalism. Read the rest of this entry »


Creating a scientific revolution involves throwing out a spate of new ideals into the arena that includes – new guiding principles to use, new observations offered, revised or new conclusions stated, new laws realized, and explicit clarity for professional standards.

The first blog from 2010 that I wrote,  The Term Universe is Ambiguous & should be Scientifically Redefined, suggested 4 different classifications useful for scrutiny and critical analysis to determine the quality of the description and workings for the universe.   The 4th classification, The Mathematical Proposed Universe was, “This universe is purely exploratory mathematics; such as string theory, some aspects of quantum mechanics, and others.”

Let’s talk of clarity to determine what function mathematics provides in cosmology. Read the rest of this entry »

Scientific Method

The Scientific Method refers to various formulized systems of empirical, investigative, and/or rational methodologies, including but not necessary limited to; provable experiments, various reasoning, comparative logic, supported conclusions, measurements, mathematics, observations, testing, analyzing, and sampling – used to support a scientific fact, theory, law or hypothesis.

There should be a complete understanding which body of Scientific Method is used to support a scientific fact, theory, law or hypothesis.  Employing them all would be the best proof.

There must be a distinction made between the quality of Scientific Method used, when analyzing between competing theories, laws, hypothesizes, or scientific facts.  If one competing model is supported by the best sets of scientific methodologies it should be the accepted likely model of what is the universe.

There also must be a distinction when no Scientific Method is being used for supporting a stated scientific fact, law, theory, or hypothesis.

There should be no more statements made in astrophysics that are not proven by a Scientific Method system of investigative empirical rational scientific coherent methodology.

Scientific Method should also include scientific elimination of irrational statements.

The Term Universe is Ambiguous & should be Scientifically Redefined.

The description of what is our universe is confusing and generally ambiguous.  There is a need to develop in science methodology a scientific framework for providing clarity, and a way to judge what kind of universe is being proposed for our understanding.  

There are various ideas, models, science statements, hypothesizes, mathematical calculations, theories, etc. that are used to describe the universe. Which ones are useful?  Which ones are the best? Which ones are out to lunch?  Which ones are reasonable?  Which ones are imaginations?  Which ones are weak?

The public and the science community require a system to judge between the different ideas offered for acceptance or consideration for what is our real universe to weed out the junk, determine working models, and recognize the best description for models, theories, mathematical calculations, or for observations.  Read the rest of this entry »

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