Posts Tagged ‘testing’

The Laboratory Electromagnetic Spectrum Experimentum Crucis

There are a lot of controversies regarding the current and dominant Big Bang Theory, which causes some professional and laypeople to doubt that the theory is correct.  

The two main fundamental pillars of support for the Big Bang Theory are the redshifting of distance objects and the seeing of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMBR).

The Experimentum Crucis:

I propose a laboratory experiment as an experimentum crucis.  The results of the crucial experiment offer a new conclusion for seeing the redshifting of distance objects and for the existence of the CMBR.  Read the rest of this entry »


The Big Bang Universe contains a lot of conceptual problems which are generally supported by scientific consensus but if investigated there are flimsy underlying assumptions, conflicting interconnecting theories, and unexplainable abnormalities.

When one model of the universe is disposed of – it must be replaced by another.  I propose for critical examination what I call the 3D Expanding Universe. 

The foundational footings for launching the theory are a set of observation principles and two crucial experiments also known as critical experiments or by the Latin term experimentum crucis.

In science the conclusions from crucial experiment results are to enable the scientific community to decisively decide between two competing theories, falsify other interconnecting models, account for existing abnormalities, and provide measurable predictions.

The observation principles are tools that give greater understanding for making proper conclusions or likely assumptions for an earth observer to use.  

The 3D Expanding Universe is a universe that expands into infinity that is creating larger and larger worlds that are observable and supported by advance scientific methodologies that will be explained in greater detail by content publishing in this website, Google+ and open science portals such as Figshare.


Theoretical physics with observational abnormalities, list of unsolved mysteries, physical paradoxes, or no-way physics type explanations are areas where one could apply scientific methodologies using the science method and scientifically falsify and/or make a scientific discovery.

The first step would be to ask the questions such as, where are the admitted problems that need solving, or what are the abnormalities known, or what needs more clarification, and spend a lot of time researching those areas.  Gather up related data to increase your knowledge and provide that opportunity for an eureka moment or a systematic solution. Read the rest of this entry »


Creating a scientific revolution involves throwing out a spate of new ideals into the arena that includes – new guiding principles to use, new observations offered, revised or new conclusions stated, new laws realized, and explicit clarity for professional standards.

The first blog from 2010 that I wrote,  The Term Universe is Ambiguous & should be Scientifically Redefined, suggested 4 different classifications useful for scrutiny and critical analysis to determine the quality of the description and workings for the universe.   The 4th classification, The Mathematical Proposed Universe was, “This universe is purely exploratory mathematics; such as string theory, some aspects of quantum mechanics, and others.”

Let’s talk of clarity to determine what function mathematics provides in cosmology. Read the rest of this entry »

Opening Open Access Science with Twitter Tweets

People are twittering to make general announcements to the public – leaving links to web pages, PDF, and blogs.  The latest discoveries, latest reports and best web pages are twittered for others to find out about.

Use the hash key (#) to search what others are leaving for links.  For example some of my favourities: #astronomy, #astrophysics, #redshift, #gammarays, #scientificrevolution, #sciencemethod, #openaccess, #openscience.

You can choose to follow users which will automatically send to your account all their tweets.  News sources, magazines, web sites, bloggers, and other users you follow allows you to keep on top of the latest news, research resources, interesting facts they know about, their research, or topics they develop.

Scientist will/can start using twitter more as a means to communicate to more people at once and open up their discoveries for others to know about.  Public and professional collaboration in Twitter will create open access science with feedback blogging that will promote public participation in developing and spreading scientific knowledge, information and create new discussions and ideas.

Always use the share buttons to spread the blogs and news items you found interesting to create open access science. 

Participate with your comments to take part and to develop open science.

Spread the scientific revolution by your participation.



A scientist makes an observation and notices a problem or tries to answer the questions of why and how.  

Timothy Ferris said in his 1997 book The Whole Shebang- A State-Of-The Universe(s) Report, “Science is not a static body of dogma, to stray from which is to risk one’s epaulets stripped off in a ceremony of banishment from the scientific community.  It is a self-correcting system of inquiry, in which errors – of which there are, of course, plenty – are sooner or later detected by experiment or by more careful analysis.”

A scientist can make a discovery, or develop a new model.  Timothy Ferris also said in his book, “Through astrophysics, it became possible to go beyond describing how the sky looks and to begin learning how it got to be that way.”

Astronomers that want to go beyond observations in the visual can do astronomy and astrophysics by the scientific method and create new science several different ways.  They can notice a problem or ask the questions why or how.  They support a hypothesis by gathering quantitative and qualitative data form observations and by using problem solving techniques and critical thinking to support conclusions to test new or present theories. 

To start the process, use critical thinking and the scientific method to support why and how.  Alternatively see a problem and seek the solution by designing experiments and/or gather data to support a hypothesis. 

When one wants to contribute a new theory or model they must formulate a hypothesis and test it by experiments and gather data to support the conclusion(s).  The data is analyzed and interpreted which supports the hypothesis or rejects the hypothesis which will require the hypothesis to be modified. 

This website supports open access science and public collaboration vs the old system of peer review.  You are a scientist too – You are an astrophysicist too – You are an astronomer too – add your comments, make your contributions with open access science and public collaboration.  Together we can construct a new scientific revolution to open up a new Universe unknown to previous generations.

Scientific Method

The Scientific Method refers to various formulized systems of empirical, investigative, and/or rational methodologies, including but not necessary limited to; provable experiments, various reasoning, comparative logic, supported conclusions, measurements, mathematics, observations, testing, analyzing, and sampling – used to support a scientific fact, theory, law or hypothesis.

There should be a complete understanding which body of Scientific Method is used to support a scientific fact, theory, law or hypothesis.  Employing them all would be the best proof.

There must be a distinction made between the quality of Scientific Method used, when analyzing between competing theories, laws, hypothesizes, or scientific facts.  If one competing model is supported by the best sets of scientific methodologies it should be the accepted likely model of what is the universe.

There also must be a distinction when no Scientific Method is being used for supporting a stated scientific fact, law, theory, or hypothesis.

There should be no more statements made in astrophysics that are not proven by a Scientific Method system of investigative empirical rational scientific coherent methodology.

Scientific Method should also include scientific elimination of irrational statements.

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